Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Perennial herbs or subshrubs; branches 4-angled, with simple hairs. Inflorescence of crowded cymes in distal leaf-axils. Calyx 10-veined, distally expanded, undulate, or with 5–16 crenations or teeth, lobes c. mucronate or gradually tapered into an awn, rarely entire; corolla 2-lipped, tube shorter than or equal to calyx, abaxial lip with median lobe emarginate, longer and broader than lateral pair, adaxial lip c. hooded, narrow, entire to shallowly bilobed; stamens 4, fertile, parallel, adaxial pair longer, anther locules divergent, both fertile; ovary deeply 4-lobed, style gynobasic, stigma subequally 2-fid. Mericarps c. obloid, rounded at apex.

7 species, from Europe; 1 species naturalised in Australia.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1999). Lamiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Lamiaceae
Higher taxa
genus Ballota
Subordinate taxa