Salvia

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Annual or perennial herbs, rarely shrubs; branches with simple hairs and often, sessile glands. Leaves petiolate, opposite; margin entire, or crenate to deeply lobed. Inflorescences spike-like, of cymose clusters (often reduced to 1 or 2 flowers) in axils of leaves or bracts, forming pseudowhorls. Calyx 2-lipped, 13–15-nerved, adaxial lip 3-toothed to subentire, abaxial lip deeply 2-lobed; corolla 2-lipped, the adaxial lip erect, c. hooded, scarcely 2-lobed, abaxial lip 3-lobed, with median lobe broad and 2 lateral lobes narrow; stamens 2, fertile, locules separated by elongated connective, one locule abortive, staminodes 2, minute, sometimes absent; stigma unequally 2-fid. Mericarps smooth.

About 700 species, in tropical to temperate regions; 1 species native and 5 naturalised in Australia.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1999). Lamiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
 
Hero image
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Lamiaceae
Higher taxa
genus Salvia
Subordinate taxa