Salvia verbenaca L.

Sp. Pl. 25 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Erect perennial herb to 70 cm high; branches with sparse to dense, short and long, simple hairs, usually becoming gland-tipped toward or within inflorescence. Leaves elliptic, ovate or oblong in outline, subentire to pinnatifid, 3–10 cm long, 1.5–8 cm wide, apex usually obtuse, base truncate to cordate, margin usually irregularly toothed; petiole 1–8 cm long, but sometimes absent from upper leaves. Inflorescence thryse-like, with 1–few pairs of lateral branches near base, nodes with 6–10 pseudowhorled flowers; bracts broadly ovoid, abruptly tapered, mostly shorter than calyces. Calyx 3.5–5 mm long (to 9 mm long in fruit), 13-veined, moderately to densely hairy, hairs short and long, spreading to subpatent, adaxial lip shortly 3-toothed; corolla blue-purple to lilac, 8–13 mm long.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HFE, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *MSB, *NIS, *OtP, *RobP, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim.

A complex and very variable species. Two entities are recognizable in Victoria and are here treated as distinct, but in their countries of natural occurrence the extent of variation is reported by many authorities to make recognition of infra-specific taxa exceedingly difficult, if not futile.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1999). Lamiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Lamiaceae
genus Salvia
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Salvia verbenaca in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Salvia verbenaca in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present introduced
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Otway Plain present introduced
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present introduced
Dundas Tablelands present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Far East present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory