Salvia plebeia R.Br.

Austral Sage

Prodr. 501 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: endangered (e)

Erect perennial herb, 40–90 cm high; branches densely covered with simple, retrorse hairs, sessile glands present. Leaves narrowly ovate to narrowly elliptic, 2–7 cm long, 0.8–2 cm wide, surfaces with dense short simple retrorse hairs and sessile glands, not or hardly rugose, apex subacute to obtuse, base usually cuneate, margin crenate; petiole 1–4 cm long, with c. retrorse hairs. Inflorescence thryse-like, with numerous spike-like branches, with 2–10 flowers per pseudowhorl; bracts small, c. elliptic. Calyx 2–3.5 mm long (5 mm long in fruit), c. 12-veined, with scattered short hairs and sessile glands, adaxial lip entire; corolla violet, purplish or blue, 3.5–5 mm long. Flowers most of year.

EGU. Also Qld, NSW. South-east Asia. Extremely rare in Victoria, where apparently confined to sandy or rocky verges of the upper and middle reaches of the Snowy River and possibly its major tributaries, e.g. Little and Buchan (and likely Deddick and Suggan Buggan) Rivers. The species had gone uncollected in Victoria since 1937 until collected again in 2016. An 1874 specimen from 'lagoons on the lower Hume's River' suggests earlier occurrences probably upstream of Albury.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1999). Lamiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-06-27
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Lamiaceae
genus Salvia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Salvia plebeia in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Salvia plebeia in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina extinct native
East Gippsland Lowlands extinct native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall extinct native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales