Tetragonia implexicoma (Miq.) Hook.f.

Bower Spinach

Fl. Tasman. 1: 148 (1856) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Prostrate, sometimes mound-forming, trailing or climbing subshrub with branches to 3 m long or more. Leaves rhombic to angular-ovate, 1.5–6 cm long, 8–40 mm wide, papillose, semisucculent, sometimes shortly hirsute when young; petiole to c. 20 mm long. Flowers solitary, rarely paired, strongly scented; pedicels slender, shortly hirsute, 5–30 mm long; perianth segments 4, oblong, 2–3 mm long, shortly incurved at apex, yellow on inner face, hirsute outside; stamens 12–20 (usually c. 16); styles 2, rarely 3. Fruit subgloboid to c. tetrahedral, 5–8 mm long, succulent, bony within; seeds 1–3, asymmetrically ovoid, pale brown, c. 3 mm long. Flowers mainly Aug.–Nov.

Brid, CVU, EGL, GipP, Glep, OtP, OtR, Strz, VVP, WaP, WPro. Also WA, SA, NSW, Tas. Common along the coastline on cliffs, dunes and in foreshore scrubs. Occasionally extending inland along tidal or slightly brackish watercourses (e.g. lower Glenelg River, Werribee River near Bacchus Marsh).

Plants from Warrnambool area and westwards tend to have thicker, fleshier, more papillose leaves which are more densely hirsute when young than those of plants from the east.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1996). Aizoaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2021-01-12
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
family Aizoaceae
genus Tetragonia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Tetragonia implexicoma in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Tetragonia implexicoma in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales