Galium densum Hook.f.

London J. Bot. 4: 461 (bis) (1847) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Scrambling or twining perennial; stems slender, mostly 15–60 cm long, usually glabrous or with minute retrorse prickles, sometimes with long spreading hairs. Leaves and stipules subsessile, unequal, in whorls of 4, narrow-elliptic or spathulate, 6–20 mm long, 2–5 mm wide, acute or acuminate, without terminal hair, upper surface glabrous or with scattered hairs, lower surface with hairs confined to midrib and margins; margins flat or narrowly recurved. Inflorescences 2–8-flowered, exceeding whorls when mature; peduncles 3–25 mm long; pedicels 1.5–8(–18) mm long. Corolla 2–3.8 mm diam., greenish-cream, sometimes tinged pinkish or purple-red abaxially. Fruit depressed-globose, 1–1.4 mm long; mericarps reniform, touching one another, rugose, blackish-brown, with tubercle-based, apically-hooked hairs. Flowers summer.

CVU, GipP, Glep, HSF, OtR, VVP, WaP, WPro. Also SA, Tas. In moist areas in forest and riparian habitats, in near coastal areas of western Victoria extending east to Wilsons Promontory with more inland occurrences at Noojee and Mt Macedon.

Created by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2016-03-08
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-03-04
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Gentianales
family Rubiaceae
genus Galium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Galium densum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Galium densum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales