Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Small aquatic or subaquatic plants, often persisting in seasonally dry areas. Rhizome creeping. Fronds simple and grass-like or with 4 (rarely 2) opposite leaflets. Sporangia borne in nut-like structure (sporocarp) attached near base of petiole or in leaf axil. Sporocarps sessile or pedunculate, oblong to globose; megasporangia and microsporangia in same sporocarp. Sporangia extruded in gelatinous mucilage when sporocarp ruptures. Megaspore solitary in megasporangium; microspores 32 or 64 in microsporangium. Gametophyte simple-few sperm produced within microspore and an egg cell within a few specialized cells of the megaspore, dioecious.

Cosmopolitan, 3 genera with about 70 species; 2 genera in Australia, both in Victoria.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Ferns and allied plants (Psilophyta, Lycopodiophyta, Polypodiophyta). In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
order Salviniales
Higher taxa
family Marsileaceae
Subordinate taxa
genus Marsilea
genus Pilularia