Scleranthus

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Annual or perennial, much-branched, often tufted herbs sometimes with woody base, glabrous to hirsute. Leaves opposite, sometimes fascicled, linear to subulate, often papillose; stipules absent. Flowers in axillary and terminal dichasia, 4- or 5-merous, bisexual; bracts 2 per flower, leaf-like. Sepals 4 or 5, inserted on the margin of the tubular perigynium; petals absent; stamens 1–7; ovary 1-celled, styles 2. Fruit an indehiscent nutlet enclosed by the persistent pergynium and calyx, veins sometimes visible as pronounced ribs; seed 1, obovoid, more or less tuberculate.

12 species, native in Europe, the Near East, North Africa, Australia, New Guinea and New Zealand; 9 species native in Australia.

Source: Cowley, K.J.; West, J.G. (1996). Scleranthus. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
 
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