Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Shrubs or trees, evergreen. Leaves opposite, simple, margins entire, lower surface usually with a dense covering of peltate scales, petiolate. Inflorescences axillary or rarely terminal panicles or clusters. Flowers usually bisexual, white, often yellowish or greenish; calyx campanulate, 4-lobed, persistent in fruit; calyx-lobes triangular-dentate; corolla shortly tubular and 4-lobed, or absent, lobes (when present) valvate; stamens 2, attached near top of corolla-tube, exserted at anthesis; ovary ovoid, 2-celled, ovules 1 per cell, style short, stigma 2-lobed. Fruit a drupe; seed 1 (rarely 2).

About 40 species, from Europe, Africa through Asia to New Zealand; 2 species in Australia, 1 native and 1 naturalised.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Oleaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-11-19
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Oleaceae
Higher taxa
genus Olea
Subordinate taxa