Galium murale (L.) All.

Small Goosegrass

Fl. Pedem. 1: 8 (1785) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Prostrate or ascending annual; stems fine, to c. 12 cm long, usually glabrous or with a few small retrorse prickles. Leaves and stipules subsessile, c. equal, in whorls of 3–6, oblanceolate or obovate below, linear-elliptic above, 3–10 mm long, 1–2 mm wide, acute and mucronate, upper surface glabrous or with a few scattered bristles, margins with tiny antrorse bristles. Inflorescences mostly 1- or 2-flowered; peduncles c. 0–1 mm long; pedicels c. 1 mm long. Corolla c. 0.8 mm diam., white or yellowish-green. Fruit linear-oblong, 1–1.5 mm long; mericarps cylindric, separate at maturity, with long hooked hairs particularly near apex. Flowers mostly Aug.–Nov.

*Brid, *CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW, ACT, Tas. Native to Europe. A widespread weed of moist sites.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Rubiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-01-24
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Gentianales
family Rubiaceae
genus Galium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Galium murale in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Galium murale in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present introduced
Victorian Alps present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory