Nepeta cataria L.


Sp. Pl. 570 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Herb to c. 80 cm high, branched mainly from the base; stems with c. dense spreading, curved or retrorse hairs. Leaves ovate to almost triangular, 2–6.5 cm long, 1–4 cm wide, moderately to densely covered with short spreading hairs, apex usually acute, base cordate or truncate, margin coarsely dentate to serrate; petiole 0.5–2.5 cm long. Inflorescence interrupted at least toward base, 6–12 cm long; bracts mostly smaller than leaves (often shorter than flower clusters). Calyx hirsute, 14-veined, 5–7 mm long, lobes c. half as long as tube, abaxial lobes slighter shorter than adaxial ones; corolla 7–10 mm long, white to pale purple with reddish-purple markings, pubescent, adaxial lip c. 1.5 mm long, abaxial lip c. 3 mm long, coarsely crenate to lobed; lower pair of stamens shorter than upper, anthers barely exserted. Mericarps 1.5–2 mm long. Flowers summer.

*EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *NIS, *VVP, *WaP. Also naturalised SA, NSW, Tas., New Zealand. Native to southern and eastern Europe. Scattered through cooler, southern parts of the State.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1999). Lamiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-07
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Lamiaceae
genus Nepeta
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Nepeta cataria in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Nepeta cataria in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Warrnambool Plain present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
East Gippsland Uplands present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory