Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm.

Relat. Comiss. Linhas Telegr. Estrateg. Matto Grosso Amazonas 11: 87 (1922) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Strongly rhizomatous or stoloniferous mat-forming perennial. Culms very slender, weakly erect, to 70 (but often less than 30) cm high, often branched at the node that is concealed within the upper leaf sheat; nodes glabrous. Leaves glabrous or nearly so, sometimes tinged purple; sheaths flattened, keeled; blade flat or channelled, 2–20 cm long and 3–8 mm wide, blunt-tipped, sometimes with a few marginal hairs near base; ligule a ciliate rim, c. 0.5 mm long. Racemes usually 2–4 per inflorescence, each 2–8 cm long and the lowermost usually somewhat distant from the upper. Spikelets virtually sessile, somewhat recessed into axes, elliptic, c. 2 mm long, acute or obtuse; glume 4-nerved (the midvein not developed), equal to spikelet, membranous, sparsely hairy or glabrous; lower (sterile) lemma 2–4-nerved, subequal to glume, glabrous or nearly so; upper (fertile) lemma slightly shorter than spikelet, slightly rounded dorsally, obtuse, smooth to minutely granular. Flowers Oct.–Jun.

*CVU, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *HSF, *MuF, *VRiv. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW. Indigenous to North and South America. In Victoria, occasionally grown as a lawn or pasture grass, naturalised in a few localities (Echuca, Yea, Melbourne suburbs, Providence Ponds, Bemm River, Genoa area), but not known to have invaded intact native vegetation.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Axonopus affinis A.Chase).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-19
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Axonopus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Axonopus fissifolius in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Axonopus fissifolius in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Murray Fans present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory