Euphorbia oblongata Griseb.

Balkan Spurge

Spic. Fl. Rumel. 1: 136 (1843) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect perennial subshrub to c. 1 m high, pubescent on younger growth; stems usually several from base, each with 3–5 umbellately arranged terminal fertile branches which are further branched, each umbel subtended by a whorl of leaves. Cauline leaves sessile, alternate, oblong, narrowly ovate or obovate or elliptic, 2–7 cm long, 6–22 mm wide, glabrous, apex obtuse to rounded, margins serrulate in upper half, entire below; whorled leaves subtending fertile branches similar to cauline leaves. Cyathia solitary in upper pairs of leaf-like bracts, these becoming contracted toward the apex; peduncles to 1.5–5 mm long; involucre campanulate, 1.5–3 mm long; glands elliptic, 1–1.5 mm long, lacking appendages; female flowers with styles erect or up-curved. Capsule subglobose, c. 3 mm long and wide, the 3 lobes dorsally sparsely tuberculate, glabrous; seeds ellipsoid, 2–2.5 mm long, smooth, brown, caruncle reniform, fleshy, yellow to brown. Flowers mostly Sep.–Mar.

*CVU, *GipP, *HSF, *VRiv. Also NSW. Native to south-eastern Europe and Turkey. An occasional garden escape (Violet Town, Euroa area, Melbourne suburbs).

Created by: Neville Walsh, 2014-08-15
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-12-29
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
family Euphorbiaceae
genus Euphorbia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Euphorbia oblongata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Euphorbia oblongata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory