Eriochilus cucullatus (Labill.) Rchb.f.

Parson's Bands

Beitr. Syst. Pflanzenk. 27 (1871) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Flowering plant 5–25 cm tall. Leaf basal, ovate, acute, 10–30 mm long, 5–11 mm wide, usually dull dark green, upper surface slightly rough to distincly verrucose, sometimes also with a few short hairs, incompletely developed at flowering time, subtended by a large hyaline bract. Flowering stem slender, 10–25 cm tall. Flowers usually 1–5, white or pale pink, pedicel (including ovary) 10–15 mm long, sheathed by broad truncate bract; dorsal sepal oblanceolate to spathulate, green or brownish, 6–8 mm long; lateral sepals narrowly elliptic to oblanceolate, with distinct claw, white or pinkish, 10–13 mm long; petals linear, greenish, 5–7 mm long. Labellum white, green or yellowish, with red or pinkish hairs; erect portion with narrow lateral lobes bent towards column; mid-lobe expanded to 2–3 mm wide, ovate to obovate, convex, with erect hairs arranged in small clusters. Flowers Jan.–Jun.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, MonT, MuM, NIS, OtP, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WPro. All states except WA and NT. Excepting the north-west and heavier soils of the Riverina and the volcanic plain, widespread throughout the State, in a wide range of habitats, from near-coastal heaths and woodlands to wet montane vegetation.

Eriochilus magenteus differs in having bright pink to magenta flowers, a glabrous, glossy leaf and smaller lateral lobes on the labellum. In addition E. magenteus favours higher altitude montane and alpine habitats.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-16
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Eriochilus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Eriochilus cucullatus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Eriochilus cucullatus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory