Sp. Pl. 813 (1753) APNI
Perennial, to 1.2 m high, glabrous or pubescent with short crisped hairs; stem erect, much-branched. Basal leaves petiolate, oblanceolate, 7–30 cm long, 1–12 cm wide, apex acute, margins toothed to pinnatisect; cauline leaves sessile, reduced to scale-leaves at extremities of branches. Capitula 2.5–3 cm diam., 1–3 in axils of reduced leaves; involucre 9–12 mm long; outer bracts lanceolate, straw-coloured at base, green at apex; inner bracts linear-lanceolate, c. twice as long as outer ones, mostly green. Florets 15–30, sky-blue, rarely pink or white; ligule 15–25 mm long. Cypselas 2–3 mm long, striate, pale brown or mottled; pappus of numerous scales 0.2–0.4 mm long. Flowers mainly spring and summer.
*CVU, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas, New Zealand. Native to Europe, northern Africa and Asia. A widespread weed of roadsides, wasteland and other disturbed sites, particularly in areas where formerly cultivated. .
Used as a salad vegetable or as animal fodder; the roasted roots were once used as a coffee substitute or additive.
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||naturalised|
|Central Victorian Uplands||present||naturalised|
|Northern Inland Slopes||present||introduced|
|East Gippsland Lowlands||present||naturalised|
|East Gippsland Uplands||present||naturalised|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|