Cichorium intybus L.


Sp. Pl. 813 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Perennial, to 1.2 m high, glabrous or pubescent with short crisped hairs; stem erect, much-branched. Basal leaves petiolate, oblanceolate, 7–30 cm long, 1–12 cm wide, apex acute, margins toothed to pinnatisect; cauline leaves sessile, reduced to scale-leaves at extremities of branches. Capitula 2.5–3 cm diam., 1–3 in axils of reduced leaves; involucre 9–12 mm long; outer bracts lanceolate, straw-coloured at base, green at apex; inner bracts linear-lanceolate, c. twice as long as outer ones, mostly green. Florets 15–30, sky-blue, rarely pink or white; ligule 15–25 mm long. Cypselas 2–3 mm long, striate, pale brown or mottled; pappus of numerous scales 0.2–0.4 mm long. Flowers mainly spring and summer.

*CVU, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas, New Zealand. Native to Europe, northern Africa and Asia. A widespread weed of roadsides, wasteland and other disturbed sites, particularly in areas where formerly cultivated. .

Used as a salad vegetable or as animal fodder; the roasted roots were once used as a coffee substitute or additive.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Asteraceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Asterales
family Asteraceae
genus Cichorium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cichorium intybus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cichorium intybus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present introduced
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory