Sagina procumbens L.

Spreading Pearlwort

Sp. Pl. 128 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Perennial with fibrous roots, often adventitious from nodes, glabrous or rarely minutely ciliate. Stems mat-forming, up to 20 cm long, with dense, non-flowering central leaf-rosette. Leaves linear-subulate, acuminate, more or less mucronate, glabrous or ciliate, 5–15 mm long, 0.3–0.8 mm wide. Flowers 4(–5)-merous; pedicels glabrous, erect in flower, then curving and re-erecting in ripe fruit, 5–13 mm long; calyx glabrous, sepals broad-ovate to suborbicular, with narrow scarious margins, 2–2.5 mm long, spreading in ripe fruit; petals minute, white, often absent; stamens 4; styles 4. Capsule ovoid, longer than sepals, 2–4 mm long; seeds dark brown, oblique-reniform, more or less grooved dorsally, weakly to strongly tuberculate, 0.3–0.5 mm diam. Flowers Sep.–Feb.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HFE, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MonT, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW, New Zealand and elsewhere in the Southern Hemisphere. Native to Europe, Asia, North America. A very widespread weed of damp places, cultivation, lawns, paths and waste ground in more temperate parts of Australia.

Source: Adams, L.G. (1996). Caryophyllaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
genus Sagina
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Sagina procumbens in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Sagina procumbens in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present introduced
Highlands-Far East present introduced
Victorian Alps present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory