Leucojum aestivum L.


Syst. Nat., edn 10, 975 (1759) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Bulb ovoid, 2–4 cm diam. Leaves several, linear, flat, 20–50 cm long, 5–20 mm wide, semi-erect to spreading. Scape erect, to 60 cm high, biconvex in section; umbel with 1–5 scented flowers; pedicels 1.5–6 cm long; perianth segments obovate, 10–16 mm long, obtuse, white with a green, subapical spot; stamens 7–8 mm long, slightly shorter than style. Capsule c. 10 mm long. Seeds several. Flowers autumn–winter.

*CVU, *GipP, *GGr, *HSF, *Strz. Also naturalised in SA, NSW. Native to Europe. Established in several areas near settlements, mostly on roadsides and in areas used for depositing garden refuse, naturalised in the Grampians, Wonthaggi, and in the Melbourne suburb of Oakleigh where occurring in heathy woodland on sandy soil.

Source: Conran, J.G. (1994). Liliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-14
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
genus Leucojum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Leucojum aestivum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Leucojum aestivum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales