Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Bulbous, rarely rhizomatous perennial herbs. Leaves simple, basal, sessile (often sheathing at base); venation parallel. Inflorescence umbellate or flowers solitary, usually pedunculate, subtended by bracts. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic to slightly zygomorphic. Perianth in 2 whorls of 3, outer and inner whorls similar, often fused for at least some of their length, sometimes surmounted by a corona. Stamens free or fused to perianth, 6, filaments free or connate, opposite perianth lobes; anthers 2-locular, dehiscing by longitudinal slits or rarely by apical pores. Ovary inferior, half-inferior or superior, usually 3-locular with axile placentation; ovules 1–many per locule; style single, stigma 3-lobed or capitate. Fruit a capsule or fleshy and indehiscent; seeds globular to flattened, often angular, rarely winged.

About 73 genera with c. 1605 species world-wide, concentrated in tropical and subtropical regions; c. 16 genera and 50 species in Australia, 11 genera and 18 species (mostly naturalised) in Victoria.   

Created by: Andre Messina, 2014-09-22
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-05
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
genus Agapanthus
genus Allium
genus Amaryllis
genus Calostemma
genus Crinum
genus Ipheion
genus Leucojum
genus Narcissus
genus Nerine
genus Nothoscordum
genus Zephyranthes