Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Bulbous, perennial, odorous herbs. Roots fibrous. Leaves annual or biennial, linear, flat, terete or angular, solid or hollow, entirely basal or some cauline. Inflorescence a terminal umbel subtended by a spathe of several distinct or united bracts; flowers bisexual, sometimes replaced by bulbils; perianth segments free or shortly fused, equal; stamens 6, filaments filiform to flattened, anthers dehiscing introrsely; ovary superior, 3-locular; ovules usually 2 per locule; style inserted at base of ovary, stigma minute. Fruit a membranous capsule; seeds angular, black, usually 3–6 per capsule.

About 700 species, from the Northern Hemisphere, principally from western to central Asia; 8 naturalised in Australia with several others cultivated and occasionally persisting, 5 naturalised in Victoria.

Source: Conran, J.G. (1994). Liliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
Higher taxa
genus Allium
Subordinate taxa