Allium vineale L.

Crow Garlic

Sp. Pl. 299 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Bulb ovoid, 1–2 cm diam., bulblets few, yellowish. Scape erect, terete, hollow, 30–120 cm long, 3–12 mm diam. Leaves 2–4, sheathing the lower two-thirds of scape, subterete, hollow, 15–60 cm long, 1.5–4 mm wide. Umbel usually with few flowers and many sessile bulbils; pedicels, if present, 5–30 mm long; spathe broadly dilated and papery below, apically with a short cylindrical beak, deciduous; perianth campanulate, segments oblong-obovate, 2–4.5 mm long, pink or greenish; stamens shortly exceeding perianth, the inner 3 deeply trilobed, the central lobe anther-bearing. Capsule c. 3–3.5 mm long. Bulbils obovoid, c. 5–7 mm long. Flowers Dec.–Feb

*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *GGr, *HSF, *LoM, *MuM, *OtP, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW, Tas. Native to north Africa, much of Europe, and western Asia. Occurs in Victoria as a weed in pasture and grassland on heavier soils, known from the Creswick region, Harcourt, near Keilor, Geelong area, and Tootgarook Swamp on the Mornington Peninsula, but probably more widespread. The freely produced bulbils render this a potentially troublesome weed (as in New Zealand).

Source: Conran, J.G. (1994). Liliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-12-03
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
genus Allium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Allium vineale in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Allium vineale in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia