Allium ampeloprasum L.

Great-head Garlic

Sp. Pl. 294 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Bulb broadly ovoid or subglobose, 2–6 cm diam., usually with numerous bulblets. Scape terete, erect, 50–200 cm long, 4–12 mm diam. Leaves 4–10, sheathing the lower half of the scape, channelled, 10–50 cm long, 5–40 mm wide. Umbel almost spherical, many-flowered, without bulbils; pedicels 1.5–5 cm long; spathe deciduous; perianth cup-shaped or campanulate, segments ovate, 4–5.5 mm long, usually pink, papillate on outer surface; stamens exceeding-perianth, the inner 3 deeply trilobed, the central lobe anther-bearing. Capsule c. 4 mm long. Flowers Dec.–Feb.

*Brid, *CVU, *EGL, *GipP, *Gold. Also naturalised in WA, SA, NSW, Tas. Native to the Mediterranean region. Possibly not truly naturalized, but persisting in and near abandoned homesites (Hepburn region and Gippsland).

The culinary leek, A. porrum L., is a horticultural derivative of A. ampeloprasum. It differs in its more cylindric bulb, stouter stem, broader leaves, milder odour and taste, and its biennial life-cycle. It is frequently grown in domestic and commercial gardens and may persist shortly in and around these areas.

Source: Conran, J.G. (1994). Liliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-12-03
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
genus Allium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Allium ampeloprasum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Allium ampeloprasum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Bridgewater present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia