Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Bulbous perennial herbs. Roots fibrous. Leaves tufted, annual, sheathing at base. Inflorescence a scapose bracteate umbel or solitary flower, enclosed in bud by a papery spathe. Flowers bisexual; perianth segments equal, united below into a slender tube, free and spreading above, around the cylindric corona; stamens 6, inserted on perianth tube at 2 levels, filaments filiform, anthers basifixed or dorsifixed, dehiscing introrsely; ovary inferior, 3-locular; ovules many per locule; style filiform, stigma capitate or lobed. Fruit a capsule; seeds numerous, angular, black.

About 60 species, native to Europe and Asia but widely grown for ornament; 8 species naturalised in Australia, including numerous cultivars, 3  naturalised in Victoria. Numerous other species and cultivars are grown in horticulture in Victoria, and may persist in old abandoned gardens.

Source: Conran, J.G. (1994). Liliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-04-18
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
Higher taxa
genus Narcissus
Subordinate taxa