Lolium multiflorum Lam.

Italian Rye-grass

Fl. Franç. 3: 621 (1779) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tufted, short-lived perennial, culms erect, to 130 cm high. Leaf-blades flat when mature, convolute when young, to 20 cm long and 10 mm wide; ligules to 4 mm long; auricles usually present. Spike to 40 cm long; rachis c. 1 mm diam. Spikelets 10–22-flowered, 5–20 mm long (excluding awns); glume mostly from one-quarter to half as long as the spikelet; lemma oblong-lanceolate; awn 4–14 mm long. Flowers Sep.-Dec.

*CVU, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *MuM, *OtP, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Naturalized in all States except NT, also widely in other temperate countries. Indigenous in southern Europe, south-western Asia and northern Africa. Of scattered occurrence on roadsides and other weedy sites, mostly in the south of the State. Occasionally used for pasture, particularly on wetter ground.

Useful as a pasture grass in some situations, but less common than L. perenne or L. rigidum. It hybridizes with both of these species, the hybrid formed with L. perenne often referred to as L. ×hybridum Hausskn.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2016-03-02
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Lolium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Lolium multiflorum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Lolium multiflorum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory