Mentha ×piperita L.

Sp. Pl. 576 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Ascending to erect herb to 80 cm high, often rhizomatous, frequently rooting at the nodes; branches glabrous or with a few scattered hairs, often reddish- or purple-tinged. Leaves narrowly to broadly ovate or broadly elliptic, 15–90 mm long, 10–30 mm wide, glabrous or with scattered hairs, apex acute or obtuse, margin serrate to dentate; petiole 0–15 mm long. Inflorescence terminal, ovoid to spike-like, 1.5–6 cm long; flowers in dense, many-flowered clusters, internodes usually obscured; pedicels c. half to equal to calyx. Calyx 2.5–4 mm long, 10-veined, lobes c. half as long as tube, glabrous or with scattered hairs along medial ridge and often ciliate on lobe margin; corolla lilac to pink, exceeding calyx by 1–2 mm, lobes 1–1.5 mm long, the posterior one emarginate to bilobed; anthers included. Flowers Jan.–Apr.

*CVU, *EGL, *GipP, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *OtP, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP. A (normally) sterile hybrid between the European species Mentha aquatica L. and M. spicata L. Scattered in cooler parts of the State, in permanently wet or damp sites (e.g. Chapple Vale, Daylesford, Dandenong Range, Warburton etc.).

Two varieties (often treated as cultivars, nothovarieties or nothomorphs) occur in Australia. Other selections from within the diversity of the progenies of the parent species are sometimes encountered in horticulture.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1999). Lamiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-08-23
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Lamiaceae
genus Mentha
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Mentha ×piperita in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Mentha ×piperita in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present introduced
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised