Dianella longifolia R.Br.

Pale Flax-lily

Prodr. 280 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Plant solitary or rhizomatous and forming loose tufts, to c. 1.5 m high. Leaves spreading, not or hardly sheathing at base, 20–80 cm long, 7–25 mm wide, flat to broadly V-shaped or Y-shaped in section, concolorous or nearly so, smooth throughout or distantly scabrous along margins and abaxial midrib, particularly toward apex. Inflorescence rather sparse, exceeding the foliage; pedicels recurved, 7–16 mm long; flowers 15–20 mm wide, pale blue, white or greenish; perianth segments 7–10 mm long, spreading to slightly recurved, longer than stamens; staminal filaments kinked, c. 2 mm long, staminal swellings (strumae) orange, c. 2 mm long, shorter than the pale yellow 3–4 mm long anthers. Berry ovoid to globular, 3–7 mm long, shining pale blue; seeds 2.5–4.0 mm diam.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, HNF, HSF, MonT, MuM, NIS, OtP, SnM, VRiv, VVP, Wim.

Two of the six recognized varieties occur in Victoria. Dianella porracea (R.Henderson) G.W.Carr & Horsfall was previously regarded as another variety of D. longifolia.

The morphological and ecological distinction between the two Victorian varieties of D. longifolia is not always clear. It is possible that the distinction is obscured by the presence of further, as yet unnamed entities in the complex.

Source: Conran, J.G. (1994). Liliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2017-02-22
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Asphodelaceae
genus Dianella
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Dianella longifolia in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Dianella longifolia in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Snowy Mountains present native