Barbarea verna (Mill.) Asch.

Early Wintercress

Fl. Brandenburg 1: 36 (1860) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Biennial, to 75 cm high, erect, usually glabrous. Basal leaves with 5–10 pairs of lateral lobes, terminal lobe ovate to oblong; upper stem leaves with 2 or more pairs of lateral lobes. Sepals 2.5–4 mm long; petals 4.5–7 mm long. Fruit more or less erect, linear, 3–6 cm long (including style), 1.5–2 mm wide; style 1–2 mm long; pedicels spreading, 4–7 mm long, c. 1 mm diam.; seed not winged. Flower spring-summer.

*CVU, *GipP, *HSF, *NIS, *Strz, *VAlp, *VVP. Also naturalised SA, NSW, ACT, Tas. Native to Europe. Uncommon weed, grown as a salad vegetable and sometimes escaping from cultivation, but also naturalised away from gardens, including in native vegetation.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Brassicaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-10-01
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Brassicales
family Brassicaceae
genus Barbarea
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Barbarea verna in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Barbarea verna in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Victorian Alps present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory