Carex pumila Thunb. ex Murray

Strand Sedge

Syst. Veg. , 14, 846 (1784) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Rhizome very long; shoots loosely tufted. Culms erect, terete to trigonous, smooth, 5–20 cm long, c. 1 mm diam. Leaves exceeding culms, to 50 cm long, 2.5–6 mm wide; sheath yellow-brown; ligule rounded to truncate. Inflorescence narrow, erect, 5–10 cm long, with 4–7 spikes solitary at nodes; lowest involucral bracts exceeding inflorescence. Spikes sessile, erect at maturity; 1–4 upper spikes male, 1–4 cm long, ± contiguous; lower spikes female, ± distant, 1.5–2 cm long, more than twice the diameter of the male spikes; glumes acute to obtuse, yellow-brown to red-brown with whitish margins near apex; female glumes 3.5–4 mm long; utricles 4.5–8 mm long, 2.0–3.5 mm diam., broad-ovoid, obscurely nerved, glabrous, thick, corky, yellow-brown, occasionally tinged dark red-brown; beak c. 1 mm long, with apex bifid; style 3-fid. Nut ovoid, trigonous, yellow-brown. Flowers spring.

EGL, GipP, Glep, HSF, OtP, OtR, VVP, WaP. Also SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. New Zealand, South America, Asia. Scattered on sand-dunes along the coast, locally common and important as a sand-binder.

Similar to Carex bichenoviana (see profile for that species).

Source: Wilson, K.L. (1994). Cyperaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2015-09-04
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Cyperaceae
genus Carex
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Carex pumila in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Carex pumila in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory