Tetragonia tetragonoides (Pall.) Kuntze

New Zealand Spinach

Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 264 (1891) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Prostrate or sprawling annual with branches to c. 1 m. long. Leaves deltoid to rhombic, 2–8 cm long, 1–5 cm wide, prominently papillose, succulent; petiole 1–3 cm long. Flowers solitary, sessile or subsessile; perianth segments 5, unequal, acute to obtuse, c. 2 mm long, green on inner surface, densely papillose on outer; stamens 10–16; styles 5–11. Fruit dry or thinly succulent, prominently papillose when fresh, turbinate, c. 1 cm long and wide, prominently 4-angled or winged, sometimes with 2 smaller angles, main angles terminating in short conical horns; seeds usually 4–8, narrowly ovoid, pale brown, 2–3 mm long. Flowers most of year.

EGL, EGU, GipP, OtP, OtR, VVP, WaP, WPro. WA, SA, Qld, NSW, NI, LHI, Tas. Occasional along the coast mainly in the east, occurring amongst rocks, on silty soils or humified sand.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2015-03-16
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2021-01-18
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
family Aizoaceae
genus Tetragonia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Tetragonia tetragonoides in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Tetragonia tetragonoides in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Otway Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory