Triticum aestivum L.


Sp. Pl. 85 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Erect, robust, often glaucous annual with culms to 1.5 m high. Leaves rather few, smooth and glabrous (sheath of lower leaves often finely pubescent); blade flat, 12–35 cm long, 5–15 mm wide; ligule truncate, membranous, 1–2 mm long; auricles narrowly falcate and encircling the stem or occasionally lacking. Inflorescence a rather dense, more or less 4-sided spike, 5–15 cm long (excluding awns); rachis glabrous except along lateral angles. Spikelets 7–15 mm long (excluding awns) and about as wide, 3–6-flowered (usually maturing 2 or 3 grains); glumes equal, truncate, 6–10 mm long, the midvein strongly keeled toward the apex, sometimes exserted as a mucro or a scabrous awn to 2 cm long; lemma resembling glumes but, when awned, the awns usually longer (to 12 cm); palea subequal to body of lemma. Flowers Sep.–May

*CVU, *DunT, *GipP, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *RobP, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Naturalised in all States. Appearing wherever seed is dropped, especially near stock feeding areas, rail and trucking yards, as well as around cultivated paddocks, but probably not truly naturalised anywhere in the State.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-04-12
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Triticum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Triticum aestivum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Triticum aestivum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present introduced
Wimmera present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Robinvale Plains present introduced
Murray Fans present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Otway Plain present introduced
Goldfields present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Dundas Tablelands present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced
Highlands-Northern Fall present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory