Erica lusitanica Rudolphi

Spanish Heath

J. Bot. (Schroder) 2: 286 (1799) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect, usually slender shrub to c. 2 m high, young stems densely hispid with simple hairs. Leaves in approximate whorls of (3–)4, linear, 4–7 mm long, c. 0.5 mm wide, margins acute or obtuse, entire or minutely denticulate. Flowers paired or in clusters of 3 or 4, terminal on very short lateral branchlets, usually profuse and ± obscuring upper branches; bracteoles 3, c. 0.5 mm long, the lower one inserted distinctly below upper pair; sepals 1–1.5 mm long; corolla campanulate, 4–5 mm long, white to pink, lobes rounded, 0.5–1 mm long, slightly spreading; stamens included in corolla; style exserted from corolla after anthesis; locules of anthers fused, c. 1 mm long, each with basal awn-like appendage c. 0.5 mm long. Capsule ellipsoid, c. 3 mm long. Flowers Jun.–Sep.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *Strz, *VAlp, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Also naturalised SA, NSW, Tas. Native to south-western Europe. Common in heath and woodland communities in lowlands and foothills, particularly in eastern suburbs of Melbourne, scattered elsewhere, and increasing in range (e.g. from Heywood in the far south-west, to Orbost in the east and Beechworth in the north-east).

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1996). Ericaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Ericales
family Ericaceae
genus Erica
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Erica lusitanica in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Erica lusitanica in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Victorian Alps present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory