Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Terrestrial herbs with inflorescence and leaves (if present) arising separately from a short rhizome with long-spreading thick, fleshy roots. Leaves more or less erect, leathery, few or absent. Inflorescence an erect raceme, stem moderately long, usually with 2 or 3 appressed bracts. Flowers with large, dominating labellum at top, pedicellate or sessile, subtending bract as long as or shorter than ovary; sepals longer than petals. Labellum base surrounding column, central portion with keels and/or calli. Column extremely small, short, winged.

20 species distributed through the western Pacific region; 5 occurring in Australia, 4 in Victoria. Pollinated by sexually attracted male ichneumon wasps (Lissopimpla semipunctata).

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Jeff Jeanes, 2015-07-30
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