Cryptostylis erecta R.Br.

Bonnet Orchid

Prodr. 317 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Leaves 1–several; petioles 1–10 cm long; blades narrowly elliptic, 3–18 cm long, 4–18 mm wide, green on upper surface, reddish-purple beneath, apex acute, base tapering. Flowering stem 10–45 cm tall, sheathing bracts 2 or 3, distant. Flowers 3–12, sessile; sepals and petals greenish, spreading, margins inrolled; sepals linear, acute, c.3 cm long; petals c. 1 cm long. Labellum greenish with bold purplish markings, bonnet-shaped, 20–30 mm long, with marked constriction towards base, very broadly ovate, more or less obtuse, the base horizontal and enclosing column, the broad upper part with a network of conspicuous purplish veins arising from purplish base; inner surface with narrow longitudinal green plate of callus and a few irregular dark purple spots. Flowers Dec.–Apr.

EGL, EGU. Also Qld, NSW. Extremely localized in Victoria, found only near the Wingan and lower Snowy Rivers in East Gippsland, growing in Xanthorrhoea resinosa plains and adjacent heathy woodlands and coastal heathlands.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Jeff Jeanes, 2014-11-21
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Cryptostylis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cryptostylis erecta in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cryptostylis erecta in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory