Geranium brevicaule Hook.f.

J. Bot. (Hooker) 1: 252 (1834) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Rosetted perennial, 5–10 cm high; stems absent or very short, not exceeding leaves, covered with short, retrorse, closely appressed hairs and scattered longer spreading hairs; taproot fleshy or woody. Leaves c. orbicular to reniform, 1–2.8 cm long, palmatifid to palmatisect with 5–7, broad, trilobed, often toothed, primary lobes; ultimate lobes acute; upper surface with sparse straight hairs particularly along veins and near margin; stipules broad elliptic to ovate, short-acuminate. Flowers solitary; peduncles 0–0.4 cm long; pedicels to 1.2 cm long; sepals narrow ovate to oblanceolate, 5–6 mm long, acute, hirsute, mucro to 1–1.5 mm long; petals oblanceolate, 4.5–5 mm long, obtuse, red or crimson; anthers yellow with fine blue dehiscence lines. Fruits 10–13 mm long; mericarps sparsely pubescent, suture margins not ciliate; seed dark brown, smooth with minute shallow elongate alveolae.  Flowers Dec.–Apr.

HFE, HNF, MonT, SnM, VAlp. Also NSW, ACT, Tas. Restricted to grasslands and herbfields of treeless subalpine and alpine areas.

This species is characterized by its rosette habit, the nearly sessile single flowers with red or crimson petals which do not exceed sepals, and the retrorse to appressed hairs on stems.

Source: Smith, L.P. (1999). Geranium. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Geranium sessiliflorum subsp. brevicaule (Hook.) Carolin).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2016-08-29
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Geraniales
family Geraniaceae
genus Geranium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Geranium brevicaule in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Geranium brevicaule in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory