Geranium

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Annual or perennial herbs, often tuberous. Leaves cauline and opposite (rarely alternate), or rosetted at base, usually palmatifid, palmatisect (with primary to tertiary lobing), or pinnately dissected. Flowers bisexual, regular, solitary or twinned, pedicellate (usually) or sessile, terminal but usually appearing axillary due to sympodial branching; sepals not spurred; petals pale pink, magenta, red, or rarely white; fertile stamens 10 (rarely only 5 fertile); nectariferous glands alternating with petals. Mericarps each with awn curving towards apex, usually remaining attached to stylar column until seed released, awn glabrous (or nearly so) inside; seeds usually distinctly ornamented or reticulate.

Cosmopolitan genus of c. 325 species (Aedo 2017), occurring in cool temperate regions and at high altitudes in tropical areas; 10–30 native and 7–8 naturalised species.

Aedo (2017) cites a single collection (Tilden 687) from the early 1900's of Geranium obtusisepalum (specimens held at F, G, K), collected from Point Lonsdale, Victoria, noting that this is a surprising locality given that the species typically occurs at elavations of 1340-1520 in the ACT and NSW. The label associated with that specimen may have been a result of a mix up of labels at some stage, and given the uncertainty of the correct location, the species is excluded from the Victorian flora. G. obtusisepalum is closely related to G. retrorsum and G. solanderi. These three species share a distinctive, turnip-shaped rootstock. G. obtusisepalum is characterised by 1-flowered cymules, and sepals with a very short mucro.. Both G. retrorsum and G. solanderi have 2-flowered cymules, and a conspicuous sepal mucro. G. obtusisepalum differs from G. sp. 1 (which also has a turnip-shaped rootstock, and very short (or absent) sepal mucro) in that G. sp. 1 can have either 1 or 2-flowered cymules and the petals are longer 10–12 mm long in G. sp. 1 (4–6.2 mm long in G. obtusisepalum).

Source: Smith, L.P. (1999). Geranium. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-07-27
 
References

Aedo, C. (2017). Revision of Geranium (Geraniaceae) in the western and central Pacific area, Systematic Botany Monographs 102: 1-240.

 
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