Geranium molle L.

Sp. Pl. 2: 682 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Prostrate to weakly ascending annual or short-lived perennial; stems to 50 cm long, subvelutinous, with short spreading glandular and eglandular hairs and longer spreading, shining eglandular hairs; taproot slender. Leaves often alternate, orbicular to reniform, 0.5–3 cm long, palmatifid with 5–9, broad, trifid (or weakly further divided) lobes; ultimate lobes truncate to obtuse; upper surface pilose; petioles to 8(–20) cm long; stipules narrow-ovate to oblong, lacerate to laciniate. Flowers paired; peduncle 1–4 cm long; pedicels to 2.4 cm long; sepals ovate to elliptic, 4–5 mm long, villous with short glandular and longer eglandular hairs, mucro absent or to 0.5 mm long; petals strongly emarginate, equal to or slightly longer than sepals, pink-magenta; anthers mauve. Fruit 8–11 mm long, rostrum with very short glandular and longer eglandular hairs; mericarps transversely wrinkled, mostly glabrous, sparsely ciliate at base; seed virtually smooth. Flowers Sep.–Jan.

*Brid, *CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro. Also naturalised in WA, SA, Qld, A.C.T., NSW, Tas. Widespread on disturbed or cultivated land (gardens, lawns, crops etc.), or in waste places, particularly common on sandy soils. Native to Europe, northern Africa and western Asia.

Possibly imported into Australia in stock feeds. Geranium aequale (Babington) Aedo is found in New South Wales, Tasmania and New Zealand, and could be expected to appear in Victoria. This species differs from Geranium molle in having smooth mericarps.

Created by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2016-07-29
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2016-08-29
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Geraniales
family Geraniaceae
genus Geranium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Geranium molle in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Geranium molle in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory