Ligustrum vulgare L.

European Privet

Sp. Pl. 7 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Shrub to c. 5 m high, evergreen in Victoria (deciduous in colder climates); stems with white lenticels, finely pubescent when young. Leaves lanceolate to elliptic, mostly 2.5–6 cm long and 8–20 mm wide, acute, margins recurved, c. concolorous, glabrous; petiole 1–3 mm long. Panicles terminal, 3–8 cm long, dense, pyramidal; pedicels 1–2 mm long. Flowers strongly scented; calyx c. 1.5 mm long, with obscure triangular teeth; corolla 4–5 mm long, white or cream, tube less than or about as long as the lobes which are slightly reflexed at anthesis; stamens c. 2.5 mm long, anthers exserted. Berry ovoid to globose, 5–6 mm diam., fleshy, lustrous, blue-black; seeds usually 2. Flowers spring.

*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP. Also naturalised in SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. Native to the Mediterranean region. A commonly grown hedge plant that occasionally becomes established outside gardens in Victoria.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Oleaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-11-19
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Oleaceae
genus Ligustrum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Ligustrum vulgare in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Ligustrum vulgare in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present introduced
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales