Solanum laciniatum Aiton

Large Kangaroo-apple

Hort. Kew. 1: 247 (1789) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Erect shrub to 3 m high, green, often with purplish stems, glabrous except for minute glandular hairs on young growth; prickles absent. Leaves lobed or entire, apex acuminate, base attenuate, concolorous, usually glabrous; lobed leaves broad-ovate, 9–38 cm long; lobes deep, 2–13 cm long, 0.3–2 cm wide; petiole 1–4 cm long; entire leaves lanceolate, 5–20 cm long, 1–4 cm wide; petiole 0.5–1 cm long. Inflorescences simple or forked at base, to 10-flowered; primary peduncle 0–4 cm long. Flowers on pedicels 1.5–3 cm long; calyx 4–6 mm long, lobes triangular, 2–3 mm long, enlarging slightly in fruit; corolla rotate, 30–50 mm diam., deep purplish-blue, lobes notched; anthers 3–4 mm long. Berry ovoid to ellipsoid, 15–20 mm diam., yellow to orange-yellow; seeds 2–2.5 mm long, reddish-brown; stone-cell granules mostly 2–2.5 mm long Flowers mostly spring and summer.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, NIS, OtP, OtR, Strz, VRiv, VVP, WaP, Wim. Also WA (introduced), SA, NSW, Tas. New Zealand. A widespread species, often of rocky sites and disturbed areas.

Occasionally cultivated as a source of solasodine for cortisone and other steroid drugs.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Solanaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-06-18
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Solanales
family Solanaceae
genus Solanum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Solanum laciniatum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Solanum laciniatum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory