Lythrum

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Prostrate to erect, annual or perennial herbs or shrubs, glabrous or pubescent; stems and branches rounded, angular or ribbed. Leaves alternate, opposite, or in whorls of 3, sessile or subsessile; stipules absent. Inflorescence axillary, with flowers solitary or consisting of few-flowered dichasia or clusters. Flowers actinomorphic, subsessile to shortly pedicellate; hypanthium tubular, ribbed; appendages present, elongate; sepals 4–6, shorter than hypanthium; petals 4–6, obscure to showy; stamens as many as or twice as many as sepals; ovary 2-celled. Fruit usually a cartilaginous, septicidal capsule, enclosed in persistent hypanthium; seeds minute, numerous.

About 35 species, cosmopolitan; 5 species in Australia, 3 probably native and 2 naturalized.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Lythraceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
 
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Myrtales
family Lythraceae
Higher taxa
genus Lythrum
Subordinate taxa