Lythrum junceum Banks & Sol.

Mediterranean Loosestrife

in Russell, Nat. Hist. Aleppo:, edn 2, 253 (1794) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Perennial herb, decumbent to ascending, to 50 cm tall, glabrous; stems stoloniferous, to 1 m long. Leaves mostly alternate, linear, oblong or elliptic, 0.7–3 cm long, to 10 mm wide, sessile or subsessile; apex acute to obtuse; base rounded to slightly auriculate. Flowers solitary in upper leaf axils, pedicel 1–2 mm long; hypanthium narrow-obconical, 4.5–7 mm long, c. 1.5 mm diam., with a ring of reddish spots near base; appendages 5 or 6, triangular, 0.5–1 mm long; sepals 5 or 6, triangular, 0.5–1 mm long; petals 5 or 6, spreading, obovate, 4–6 mm long, pink to purple; stamens usually 10–12, dimorphic, 5 or 6 exserted by 1–2 mm. Capsule ovoid, shorter than hypanthium, dehiscing by 2–4 valves. Flowers mainly Oct.–Apr.

*Brid, *DunT, *GipP, *Glep, *HSF, *MuM, *OtP, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro. Also naturalised SA. Native to the Mediterranean area and south-west Europe. Scattered across southern Victoria west from Wilsons Promontory, usually in damp situations.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Lythraceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-14
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Myrtales
family Lythraceae
genus Lythrum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Lythrum junceum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Lythrum junceum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present introduced
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales