Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Tufted annuals or perennials. Leaf-blades flat or inrolled; ligules glabrous, papery. Inflorescence many branched, each branch subtended by a spathe-like bract and terminated by a pair of racemes. Spikelets in pairs, the lower sessile and bisexual, the upper pedicellate and male or barren; sessile spikelet dorsally compressed, 2-flowered, the lower floret reduced to a membranous lemma, fertile upper lemma awned from the apical notch; awn hairy at least near base; palea absent.

55 species, mostly tropical African, 1 Mediterranean; 4 occurring in Australia (3 naturalized), 1 naturalised in Victoria.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
Higher taxa
genus Hyparrhenia
Subordinate taxa