Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Perennials, often with creeping rhizomes. Culms erect, hollow, trigonous to terete, noded, leafy throughout their length. Leaves with long tubular sheaths and flat, dorsiventrally compressed blades; ligule absent. Inflorescence panicle-like, consisting of several remote partial inflorescences; branches solitary or in pairs in the axils of leaf-like bracts; involucral bracts long, leaf-like. Spikelets very numerous, in numerous head-like clusters, terete, 2(–3)-flowered, both flowers bisexual or either the lower or the upper one male or functionally male; rachilla persistent, straight, with very short internodes; glumes spirally arranged, the lowest 3 or 4 empty, shorter; usually no terminal empty glume; hypogynous disk present, often inconspicuous; stamens 2(–3); style mostly (2–)3(4–6)-fid, continuous with ovary; style-base thickened, conical, persistent on nut and fused with it, glabrous. Nut trigonous to terete, truncate at base, on small saucer-shaped disk.

4 species from tropical and temperate regions of the world; 1 species in eastern and northern Australia.

Source: Wilson, K.L. (1994). Cyperaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Cyperaceae
Higher taxa
genus Cladium
Subordinate taxa