Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. monilifera

African Boneseed

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Leaf lamina obovate or elliptic, 1–3.5 cm wide, base gradually attenuate, margins toothed. Inner involucral bracts broadly ovate to lanceolate, usually with woolly and c. lacerate margins. Ray florets 4–8, ligules 7–14 mm long. Fruit globose to subglobose Flowers Aug.–Nov.

*CVU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HSF, *LoM, *MuM, *OtP, *OtR, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW, Tas. Native to southern Africa. Naturalised through much of the State, particularly in rocky and/or near-coastal sites with major infestations occuring on the Mornington Peninsula and the You Yangs.

Source: Short, P.S. (1999). Chrysanthemoides. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-12-12
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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. monilifera in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. monilifera in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales