Conospermum mitchellii Meisn.

Victorian Smoke-bush

in DC., Prodr. 14: 320 (1856) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Endemic

Establishment means:Native

Erect shrub to c. 2 m high; branches silky-hairy. Leaves crowded, more or less erect, linear, 5–12 cm long, 1–4 mm wide, broadest towards apex, mucronate, green, both surfaces virtually glabrous. Inflorescence a terminal or upper-axillary corymbose panicle, mostly 8–15 cm across; common peduncles ascending, 3–10 cm long, usually longer than subtending leaves; flowers in short, dense, pedunculate spikes, each flower sessile, subtended by a blue-grey, persistent bract c. 3 mm long; perianth tubular at base, splitting c. halfway up; tepals 7–9 mm long, white or cream, densely hairy; ovary comose at apex, also ringed by basal hairs. Nut 2–3 mm long, hairy. Flowers mostly Sep.–Dec.

DunT, Glep, Gold, GGr, OtP, OtR, VVP, Wim. Also ?SA. In Victoria confined to the west, mainly in the Grampians, Lower Glenelg National Park and Anglesea areas and sometimes locally common. Found in heathlands and heathy woodlands on sandy soils.

A rare variant (recently described as C. elongatum) from the southern Grampians with the inflorescences consisting of panicles of interrupted spikes is noteworthy. These plants probably represent a freakish development of C. mitchellii as some observers have noted both spicate and corymbose inflorescences sometimes present on the same plant.

The record of C. mitchellii for South Australia (Bentham 1870) is not supported by any specimens and, if valid, the species is presumed to have become extinct in that state long ago due to land clearing.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Proteaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Proteanae
order Proteales
family Proteaceae
genus Conospermum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Conospermum mitchellii in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Conospermum mitchellii in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Otway Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia