Verbascum virgatum Stokes

Twiggy Mullein

in With., Bot. Arr. Veg. Gr. Brit., edn 2, 1: 227 (1781) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect biennial 1–2 m high, with rather dense hairs, mainly short, simple, glandular in upper parts, becoming eglandular, longer and simple or branched toward base of plant. Lower leaves obovate to elliptic, lamina 8–30 cm long, 3–10 cm wide, margins toothed, sometimes sinuate, base tapering into short petiole, upper leaves sessile and stem-clasping. Racemes usually simple, 30–80 cm long; flowers 1–6 in bract axils (sometimes on short branches); bracts 5–20 mm long; pedicels 2–5 mm long, longer in fruit. Sepals 5–8 mm long; corolla 3–4 cm diam., yellow with purple centre, upper lobes shortest; stamens 5, lower pair longest, 7–9 mm long, filaments densely villous, anthers all reniform, but those of lower 2 stamens obliquely inserted and decurrent along filament. Capsule globose, 5–8 mm long, glandular-hairy. Flowers Sep.–Apr.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *MonT, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *RobP, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Naturalized all States except NT. Native to western Europe. A common and widespread weed of disturbed ground in all but the driest parts of the State.

Source: Barker, W.R.; Harden, G.J. (1999). Verbascum. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-05-30
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
genus Verbascum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Verbascum virgatum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Verbascum virgatum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present introduced
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory