Scrophulariaceae

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Herbs, shrubs, climbers or, rarely trees, autotrophic, glabrous or hairy, sometimes with minute sessile glands. Leaves alternate, opposite or whorled, or clustered, simple; stipules absent. Inflorescence a raceme or spike with flowers 1–several in leaf or bract axils, or flowers solitary or in cymes; bracts leaf-like, reduced or absent. Flowers zygomorphic to almost actinomorphic, bisexual, 4–5-merous; sepals free or fused, mostly persistent in fruit; corolla with lobes at least shorlty fused, rotate to tubular, often 2-lipped; stamens usually 4 (rarely 5); staminodes sometimes present, anthers 2-locular, opening by longitudinal slits; ovary superior, 2–4-locular, ovules 1–many per locule; style terminal, with a simple or 2-lobed stigma. Fruit a capsule, drupe, berry or schizocarp, calyx usually persisting in fruit; seeds often small and numerous.

About 65 genera with c. 1800 species, cosmopolitan; c. 17 genera and c. 270 species in Australia, in all States.

Previously a much larger family, but many genera now dispersed to the Orobanchaceae, Phrymaceae and Plantaginaceae. The family now includes Buddlejaceae and Myoporaceae.

Source: Barker, W.R. (1999). Scrophulariaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-04-11
 
Hero image
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
genus Buddleja
genus Chaenostoma
genus Eremophila
genus Limosella
genus Myoporum
genus Scrophularia
genus Selago
genus Verbascum
genus Zaluzianskya