Calochilus campestris R.Br.

Copper Beard-orchid

Prodr. 320 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Flowering plant 17–42 cm tall, slender to stout. Leaf erect, linear-lanceolate, to 22 cm long, shorter than raceme, rigid, fleshy, triangular in cross-section, channelled. Stem bracts 2, copper-coloured. Flowers 3–12, pale green with darker stipes and purplish labellum hairs; subtending bract lanceolate, tapering to fine point, shorter than flower; pedicel (excluding ovary) 5–13 mm long; dorsal sepal erect, ovate, 8–12 mm long, concave, acute; lateral sepals ovate, as long or slightly longer than dorsal sepal but narrower, spreading below labellum; petals spreading, ovate-lanceolate, shorter and much narrower than dorsal sepal, yellow with darker stripes. Labellum curved, with fleshy rectangular base and wide triangular lamina, 9–14 mm long; margins fringed with reddish-blue hairs with metallic lustre; basal portion covered by 2 smooth, longitudinal, metallic-blue plates; central portion moderately covered with bristly purple hairs; tip recurved, ending in short glabrous strap-like tail. Column short, widely winged, with 2 purple, eye-like glands at base, not connected by a ridge but generally with reddish-brown markings between them. Flowers Oct.–Nov.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MuM, OtP, OtR, SnM, VAlp, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. All states except NT. Widespread in a range of habitats from mallee scrub to montane and sub-alpine forests and coastal heathlands and woodlands.

The similar C. herbaceus has generally smaller flowers and a much shorter leaf.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Jeff Jeanes, 2014-10-30
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Calochilus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Calochilus campestris in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Calochilus campestris in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory