Sagina apetala Ard.

Annual Pearlwort

Animadv. Bot. Spec. Alt. 2: 22 (1764) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Annual with slender taproot, glabrous or sparsely ciliate and glandular. Stems erect or ascending from a withered rosette, 3–18 cm long. Leaves linear-subulate, aristate, more or less ciliate toward base, 3–10 mm long, 0.3–0.5 mm wide. Flowers usually 4-merous; pedicels erect, glabrous or glandular-hairy, 4–15 mm long; calyx glabrous, sepals ovate, concave and hooded, obtuse, widely spreading in ripe fruit, c. 2 mm long; petals minute or absent; stamens 4; styles 4. Capsule ovoid, equalling or exceeding sepals, to 3.5 mm long; seeds brown, oblique-reniform, more or less grooved dorsally, tuberculate, 0.2–0.4 mm diam Flowers Sep.–Jan.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MonT, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW, Tas., Norfolk Is., Macquarie Is. Native to Europe, North Africa, western Asia, South America. A common and widespread ephemeral weed of cultivation, lawns, waste ground, stone- and brick-work throughout Australia.

Owing to the considerable independent variation exhibited by some characters in Australian material, infraspecific taxa cannot be used with any degree of confidence (cf. Clapham & Jardine in Tutin et al. 1993; Hegi 1962).

Source: Adams, L.G. (1996). Caryophyllaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
genus Sagina
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Sagina apetala in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Sagina apetala in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised
Victorian Alps present introduced
Snowy Mountains present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory