Hydrocotyle hirta A.Rich.

Hairy Pennywort

Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 4: 204 ; Mono. Genre Hydrocotyle 6 (1820) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Perennial herb, often loosely mat-forming, stems prostrate (rarely ascending), hairy. Leaf-lamina orbicular-cordate to reniform, 6–25(–50) mm across, shallowly or deeply (5–)7-lobed; lobes obtuse, crenate-dentate; petiole 0.8–5(–15) cm long, usually quite hairy and appearing white; stipules membranous, entire, red-dotted, ciliate or fringed. Umbels simple, leaf-opposed, 3–5 mm diam., c. 15–40-flowered; peduncle c. 6 cm long, flowers sessile or subsessile, or pedicels occasionally to 1.3 mm long. Petals pale yellow, often red-dotted, as wide as ovary at anthesis. Fruits 1–1.5 mm long, 1.5–2 mm wide, strongly flattened, often irregularly red-dotted; mericarps with prominent dorsal rib and filiform intermediate ribs, area between them convex. Flowers late summer.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuM, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Also WA, SA, Tas. Common and widespread in a wide range of habitats, from open-woodlands to dense Nothofagus closed-forests, usually in moist, shaded sites.

A variable species in need of detailed study to determine if any of the leaf forms require formal recognition. See note under Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides.

Source: Duretto, M.F. (1999). Apiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-01-19
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Apiales
family Araliaceae
genus Hydrocotyle
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Hydrocotyle hirta in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Hydrocotyle hirta in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory