Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam.

Encycl. 3: 153 (1789) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Perennial procumbent herb, occasionally forming mats, usually glabrous, stems creeping, rooting at nodes. Leaf-lamina c. circular, cordate or reniform, 5–33 mm across, margins entire or shallowly (rarely deeply) 3–7-lobed, crenate, adaxial surface glabrous to glabrescent, often shining, abaxial surface sparsely and finely hispid; petiole 3–5.5(–16) cm long, often with a few long deflexed hairs just below lamina; stipules broad, scarious and overlapping, entire. Umbels simple, leaf-opposed, globose, 2–5 mm diam., 10–12-flowered; peduncle 4–11 mm long; pedicels to c. 1 mm long. Petals c. 0.75 mm long, yellow-white, often purple tinged. Fruits c. 1 mm long and wide, surface smooth to tuberculate, sometimes blotched red; mericarps with prominent dorsal rib and prominent curved intermediate ribs. Flowers spring-autumn.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuF, MuM, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Also NSW, Tas. New Guinea. Widespread, usually growing along or in watercourses, or in moist areas of sclerophyll forests and swamps; also a common weed of well-watered lawns.

A variable species and research is required to determine if any of the variants warrant taxonomic recognition. Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides can be distinguished, from the similar H. hirta and H. algida, by being glabrous or glabrescent with fine straight hairs on the adaxial surface of the leaves, and by often having a 'frill' of long deflexed hairs just below the leaf-lamina.

Source: Duretto, M.F. (1999). Apiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Apiales
family Araliaceae
genus Hydrocotyle
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory