Euphorbia terracina L.

Terracina Spurge

Sp. Pl., edn 2, 654 (1762) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect or ascending perennial 20–80 cm high, glabrous, woody at base; stems simple or branched from base, each with 3–5 terminal fertile branches which are further branched. Cauline leaves sessile, alternate, linear-lanceolate, 10–40 mm long, 2–8 mm wide, apex acute to obtuse, mucronate, base cuneate, margins entire or finely serrulate; leaves on fertile branches ovate to triangular, to 55 mm long, 30 mm wide. Cyathia 1 or 2 in uppermost axils or 2 or 3 terminally; peduncles to c. 1 mm long; involucre campanulate, c. 2 mm long; glands lunate to reniform, to c. 1.5 mm long, entire to slightly undulate, with 2 slender white horn-like appendages; female flowers with styles divided to the middle into 2 filiform stigmas. Capsule depressed-globose, 3–5 mm long, 4–5 mm wide, pendulous, keeled, smooth; seeds more or less globose, c. 2.5 mm diam., smooth, grey, sometimes dark-mottled, caruncle peltate, ovoid, keeled, white. Flowers Jul.–Oct.

*MuM, *MSB, *OtP, *RobP, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW. Native to Europe. An occasional weed of disturbed sites on sandy soils, particularly of the far north-west.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Euphorbiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-06-18
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Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
family Euphorbiaceae
genus Euphorbia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Euphorbia terracina in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Euphorbia terracina in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales